Georgia is country of unique culture, ancient religion and picturesque nature. Small territory of this beautiful country fits in such different landscapes that, it’s hard to imagine: peaks eternally covered with snow and subtropical beaches, desert and rainforests, modern cities and ancient villages.
Official language: Georgian
Total Area: 69,700 km2
Population: 4.497 mln
Currency: Lari (GEL – Georgian Lari)
Country code: GEO
Phone code: +995
Georgia is bounded to the West by Black Sea. to the north by Russia, to the South by Turkey and Armenia, and to the Southeast by Azerbaijan. Georgia is located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Although, sociologically and culturally it’s closer to Europe than to Asia.
36% of territory of Georgia is located at 1500 meters above sea level. Landscape is quite mountainous , it can be assumed by 2 peaks over 5000 meters high, Shkhara – 5068m and Kazbeg – 5037m.
Big cities: Tbilisi – 1’162’400, Kutaisi – 194’700, Rustavi – 120’800, Batumi – 124’300, Sokhumi – 43’000, Gori – 49’500, Zugdidi – 84’000, Poti – 47’800, Tskhinvali – 7’000.
Religious and ethnical diversity
Georgia is Christian Orthodox country, but here you can see representatives of many other religions.
84% – Orthodox Christian
9.9% – Muslim
3.9% – Armenian Gregorian
0.8% – Catholic
0.4% – Yezidi
0.1% – Jewish
0.9% – Other.
In Georgia you can mention huge ethnical diversity:
Georgians – 83.8%
Azerbaijanians – 6.5%
Armenians – 5.7%
Russians – 1.5%
Osetians – 0.9%
Yezidi – 0.4%
Others – 0.3%
The climate of Georgia is extremely diverse, considering the nation’s small size. There are two main climatic zones, roughly separating Eastern and Western parts of the country. The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range plays an important role in moderating Georgia’s climate and protects the nation from the penetration of colder air masses from the north. The Lesser Caucasus Mountains partially protect the region from the influence of dry and hot air masses from the south as well.
Much of western Georgia lies within the northern periphery of the humid subtropical zone. While Eastern Georgia has a transitional climate from humid subtropical to continental. Major influence on the climate of country has Black Sea and mountains of High Caucasus, which protect Georgia from cold air coming from the North. In Summer, mostly, it is hot and average temperature in August is +23°C +26°C.
Official language: Georgian
Georgian language refers to Caucasian language family and over 4 million people use it as their mother tongue. The earliest written forms ever found are dated as 5th century. Georgia language has its unique alphabet, which is one of 14 alphabets all over the world.
Georgian has several different dialects. In West Georgia are mostly used two dialects: Megrelian and Svanian.
Georgian national currency is Georgian Lari – GEL.
In turnover you can find 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 lari bills and 1 and 2 Lari coins. Hundredth of Lari is called Tetri (geo.: white). In turnover you can find 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Tetri coins.
Citizens and guests of Georgia can freely change any foreign currency to Laris and vise versa. Exchange can be carried out in one of the local bank offices or in a private Exchange place all over Georgia.
Georgia is known for Winter and Summer resorts.
Popular ski resort. It’s situated 120km away from Tbilisi, 2000m above sea level. Gudauri is popular among Georgian as well as among foreign skiers.Gudauri is one of the best ski destinations for your winter holiday.
Bakuriani belongs to the Borjomi-Bakuriani group of resorts. It stands on the northern slope of the Trialeti Ridge within the Lesser Caucasus, 1700m above the sea level. The area of the Resort and its environs are rich in vegetation: large tracts of forest comprising dark coniferous species (fir, silver fir). Sunny and moderately frosty weather is typical for the Resort. Bakuriani is a resort in winter as well as in summer.
It is located 800-1000m above the sea level. Vegetation is mainly represented by coniferous (fir, pine, silver fir) and leaf-bearing (oak, beech, hornbeam, birch) species. Climate peculiarities are determined by the location of the Resort in the lower alpine forest zone of the subtropical belt. Summer is warm with, mostly sunny weather. In addition to its salubrious climate, Borjomi is famous for its mineral waters, which is another major natural curative factor. Likani belongs to the Borjomi-Bakuriani group of resorts and is located in Borjomi district, 20km from the district center, on the northern slope of the Trialeti Ridge (within the Lesser Caucasus), 1370km above the sea level. The area of the Resort is a plateau covered with dense coniferous woods (fir, pine, silver fir). Its climate is of the medium alpine zone (the lower belt). Winter is moderately mild with plenty of snow. Summer is moderately warm and there is about 2200hr of sunshine during the year. The intensity of ultraviolet radiation is rather high. The resort resources also include mineral waters of numerous natural springs located.
The city Batumi is located 350 km from Tbilisi on a gulf of the Black Sea about 9.5 miles (15 km) north of the Turkish frontier. Batumi is an attractive city and popular resort for people who like sea and relaxation. Many gardens and streets here are lined with exotic plants (palm, bamboo, eucalyptus, magnolia, Laurel). In the north of the city is the Batumi Botanical Garden, with a rich collection of subtropical and tropical plants. Batumi is the centre of tea and citrus-growing area. Summer is very warm and pleasant. It is perfect place for recreation.
Mstvane Kontskhi (Green Cape)
It is one of the most beautiful resorts in Ajara. It is situated, 72km above the sea level, 9km from the city of Batumi. The chief attraction of the resort is a fabulous botanic garden. It serves as a research station for the acclimatization and introduction into our country of new subtropical cultures delivered here from all over the world. The climate is subtropical with abundant warmth and humidity. Summer is very warm.
It is situated 55km south from the city Kutaisi. Altitude 950 m above the sea level, in the valley of the Tsablaris tskali-River. The nearby mountain sides are overgrown with leaf-bearing (oak, beech, etc) and also coniferous woods. Climatic features are determined by the Resort’s location in the forest zone of the subtropical belt. The major natural curative factors are mineral waters known since the end of the XIX century. The Resort of Sairme operates during the warm season (from May to November).
High mountain peaks covered with snow enchained to the pure blue sky. Castles (Koshki) several centuries old and history of wonderful Svaneti will show up in front of you with all its amazing beauty. Travel with pleasure, see unique views and enjoy yourself!
Tusheti with all its high peaks, snowy mountains, green pastures, pine forests, pure springs and affluent rivers offers you beautiful place for a holiday. History of the place will keep your interest and ancient villages will make you feel it deep in your soul.
Stepantsminda (Kazbegi) is another amazing place in Georgia. It’s situated in Northeast of Georgia, 157 km away from Tbilisi, 1740m abothe the sea level. There runs rapid river Tergi. Climate is relatively dry and cold. Average temperature is +4.9C. Coldest periods comes on January and temperature can fall up to -34C, but in summer is goes up to +32C.
Georgia has amazing architecture, which is mostly presented by ancient temples, churches and castles. Despite all the wars and conquerors these states of art still rejoice the eye. Simplicity of forms, spectacular design, harmonious proportions, marvelous ornaments and its unity with the nature is typical for Georgian architecture and over centuries became its greatest value.
Georgian people have been developing culture of winery over many centuries. Georgia is regarded as the oldest wine-maker country in the world. It is proved by huge diversity of species. In Georgia one can find over 450 species of grapes, 62 of which are the standardized products.
Best Georgian wine brands are:
· Alaznis veli – sweet wine, both white and red.
· Rqatsiteli – white dry wine
· Kindzmarauli – half sweet red wine
· Saperavi – dry red wine
· Khvanchkara – half sweet red wine
· Ojaleshi – dry red wine
· Mukuzani – dry red wine
· Akhasheni – half sweet wine
· Pirosmani – half dry red wine
Besides wine local drink Chacha is popular. It’s made with grapes and is classified as brandy. On average Chacha has 45-60 % of alcohol and is used mostly as aperitif.
Georgia`s rich and savoury cuisine is the natural extension of a fertile, mineral-rich landscape fed by the pure waters of the Caucasus Mountains. Due to the antiquity of the culture here it is hardly surprising Georgia has developed such a strikingly original cuisine. Not only it is a perfect accompaniment to the rich viniculture here, we make a point in showing it off to our guests in elaborate feasts we call “Supras”.
Most of our food is organic, and the ingredients from our incredibly varied cuisine profit from the mild climate that provides fresh vegetables for three quarters of the year – and we have the best Tomato`s you have ever tasted. Numerous aromatic wild mountain herbs give our dishes an uncommonly exotic aroma. Rich in walnuts, pomegranate ate vegetable pates, organic fresh meats, wild herbs and love of garlic, our cuisine provides a superb accompaniment to the endless supply of wine. By the way, our food is not only wonderful, it`s cheap. You can easily eat a world-class meal, with wine, for less than the cost of a paperback book. You will never go hungry in Georgia, and with of our love of toasting you certainly won`t go thirsty either